Hosting Multiple application with multiple domain on same cloud instance

We all know how painful it is as a developer to configure a server and make it work properly. But if you are a back end developer, you must know how to deploy your app on the cloud.

Sometimes you have multiple applications that needs to be deployed and you don’t want to waste your money buying multiple servers. Because you already know, servers are expensive!

In that case you need to configure a reverse proxy on your server. There are lot of reverse proxy servers. But nginx is one of the most popular choices and we’ll use nginx to route our requests to different ports.

1. What are we going to deploy today?

Suppose we’ve 2 different applications that needs to be deployed on our cloud instance.

  1. A java app
  2. A wordpress site

To deploy anything on your server, first you need access to that server to begin with, right?

Assuming you have a cloud instance (Ubuntu) with ssh access. So ssh to your instance like that

ssh [email protected]

2. Deploy a java app

In one of my previous tutorial I showed you how you can deploy a java app on a cloud instance. Check it out.

3. Deploying a wordpress site

Since wordpress is a php script, so you need php to interpret your php shit.

Install PHP

  sudo apt-get install php-fpm php-mysql php-mbstring

install mysql

sudo apt-get install mysql-server

on production environment run this command to ensure mysql installation is secured

sudo mysql_secure_installation

Download wordpress and unzip it on /var/www/wordpress

unzip -d /var/wordpress

4. Install Nginx

Now we’re heading to the good stuff. We’ll install nginx to use it as a reverse proxy server and also to configure wordpress to run on nginx using php.

install nginx

sudo apt-get install nginx

if everything goes well you’ll see nginx running on your server on port 80


5. Configuring Nginx

Now open nginx default configuration file and add some code to it. ( Assuming your java app is running on port 8080 and wordpress files are inside /var/www/wordpress folder )

sudo nano /etc/nginx/sites-available/default
server {
     listen 80;
     listen [::]:80;

     root /var/www/wordpress;

     index index.php index.html index.htm index.nginx-debian.html;

     location / {
          try_files $uri $uri/ /index.php?$query_string;
     location ~ \.php$ {
          include snippets/fastcgi-php.conf;
          fastcgi_pass unix:/run/php/php7.2-fpm.sock;
     location ~ /\.ht {
          deny all;

server {
    listen 80;
    listen [::]:80;

    location / {
        proxy_pass http://localhost:8080;

Here, on our first server{} configuration, we listened to port 80, we defines our server with server_name; so if any request comes on or on port 80 it’ll use this configuration to serve that request.

With root /var/www/wordpress; we showed the location of php files, and index index.php index.html index.htm index.nginx-debian.html; defines which files will be counted as index file. php stuff!!

On our second server{} configuration, we did listen port 80 with server_name; but added proxy_pass http://localhost:8080; on our location block. This means nginx will route http requests to the port 8080 if any request comes from on port 80

Pretty intelligent stuff!

To save it remember to press Ctrl + X and then type Y and then press enter.

Now restart nginx server and you’re good to go

service nginx restart


Oh wait!

If you send a request to the server using ip address it’ll always use the first configuration if no config server_name matches with that ip.

But we’ll never use ip address, we want to use our domain for that stuff. So you’ve to configure your dns server to point to your server ip address.

And how would you do that?

You silly adorable human being, just add an A record with that ip on your dns configuration 🙂


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